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形容词+as+主语+必动词:例如Young as I am, I can ma

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形容词+as+主语+必动词:例如Young as I am, I can manage it; Rich as our country is, we have a lot of problems. 2000年书面表达中:Badly injured as he was, he managed to take down the car’s number. 还有其他的倒装结构.很高兴收到的你的来信:So glad am I to hear from you.在高考中要尽量使用一两个倒装. 在近些年的阅卷中.发现考生在写作中很少使用被动语态.也许是受中文思维的影响.几乎整篇文章都使用主动语态.其实在英文中.被动语态的使用是很重要的.因为英语是一门客观的语言.而汉语是主观的语言.具体体现在英语中经常用被动语态.汉语经常用主动语态,英语中经常用物称或形式主语开头.强调一件事发生在什么人身上.而汉语经常用人称开头强调一个人发生了什么事.所以使用被动语态符合英语的习惯.如果能将整个文章中两个句子变成被动语态.就会呈现句型的变化.使整个文章句型丰富.例如在2006年的高考中.很多学生在表达我们每次可以借五本书最多借十天时.都是用:We can borrow five books at most, and we can keep them for ten days.这句话如果写成:At most five books can be borrowed at a time and they can be kept for ten days.分数会更高. 在前文提到.在书面表达中老师喜欢看到的高级语法共有五种:倒装.强调.从句.独立主格和分词结构.以及虚拟语气.在所有的高级语法中.阅卷老师最喜欢看到的是独立主格和分词结构.其次是剩下的几项.但很多学生不知道如何在文章中使用这个最大的亮点.其实几乎所有的状语从句都可以变成独立主格或分词结构.时间状语从句.原因状语.条件状语等.例如条件状语从句:If such is the case, you should apologize to her.如何变成独立主格或分词结构呢?学会下面的口诀.如果你的作文中有状语从句.马上可改成独立主格或分词结构这个最大的亮点. 口诀:一去.二看.三改.一去:去连词,二看:看主语,三改:改分词. If such is the case, you should apologize to her.按照这个口诀来改.第一步.去掉连词if,第二步.看前后两句话的主语.前后主语不一致.所以要改成独立主格,第三步.改分词.is变成分词是being.所以最后变成Such being the case, you should apologize to her.就变成了独立主格.如果前后两句话主语一致.就变成分词结构.例如2005年高考书面表达中的一句话Because I am a student, I’d like to know the price for students.改成Being a student, I’d like to know the price for students.其他想表达状语从句的时候几乎都一样.所以想表达“由于 “因为 “如果 等都写成独立主格或分词结构会让阅卷老师多给几分. 总之.高考的书面表达重在设计.如何设计出让阅卷老师看了眼前一亮的句子.写出有分词.倒装.强调.修辞的句子.使整篇文章句型丰富.不单一.有效的使用连接成分使文章连贯.方能在高考中拿到高分. (来源: 新东方在线 作者: 张巍 ) 【查看更多】



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  • A land free from destruction, plus wealth, natural resources, and labor supply—all these were important 1 in helping England to become the center for the Industrial Revolution. 2 they were not enough. Something 3 was needed to start the industrial process. That "something special" was men—4 individuals who could invent machines, find new 5 of power, and establish business organizations to reshape society.

      The men who 6 the machines of the Industrial Revolution 7 from many backgrounds and many occupations. Many of them were 8 inventors than scientists. A man who is a 9 scientist is primarily interested in doing his research 10 .He is not necessarily working 11 that his findings can be used.

      An inventor or one interested in applied science is 12 trying to make something that has a concrete use. He may try to solve a problem by 13 the theories 14 science or by experimenting through trial and error. Regardless of his method, he is working to obtain a 15 result: the construction of a harvesting machine, the burning of a light bulb, or one of 16 other objectives.

      Most of the people who 17 the machines of the Industrial Revolution were inventors, not trained scientists. A few were both scientists and inventors. Even those who had 18 or no training in science might not have made their inventions 19 a groundwork had not been laid by scientists years 20 .

      1.A.cases        B .reasons      C .factors      D .situations

      2.A.But         B .And         C .Besides     D .Even

      3.A.else         B .near         C .extra       D .similar

      4.A.generating    B .effective     C .motivating   D .creative       B .sources      C .bases       D .discoveries

      6.A.employed     B .created      C .operated    D .controlled

      7.A.came        B .arrived       C .stemmed   D .appeared

      8.A.less         B .better        C. more       D .worse

      9.A.genuine      B .practical     C .pure        D .clever

      10.A.happily     B .occasionally  C. reluctantly   D .accurately        B .and         C .all         D .so

      12.A.seldom      B .sometimes   C .all         D .never

      13.A.planning    B .using        C .idea        D .means

      14.A.of         B .with         C .to          D .as

      15.A.single      B .sole         C. specialized   D .specific

      16.A.few        B .those        C .many       D .all

      17.A.proposed    B .developed    C .supplied     D .offered

      18.A.little       B .much        C .some        D .any         B .if           C .because      D .while

      20.A.ago        B .past         C .ahead        D .before


    Miss Gogers taught physics in a New York school. Last month she explained to one of her classes about sound, and she decided to test them to see how successful she had been in her explanation. She said to them, “Now I have a brother in Los Angeles. If I was calling him on the phone and at the same time you were 75 feet away, listening to me from across the street, which of you would hear what I said earlier, my brother or you and for what reason?”
    Tom at once answered, “Your brother. Because electricity travels faster than sound waves.” “That’s every good,” Miss Gogers answered; but then one of the girls raised her hand, and Miss Gogers said. “Yes, Kate.”
    “I disagree,” Kate said. “Your brother would hear you earlier because when it’s 11 o’clock here it’s only 8 o’clock in Los Angeles.”
    【小题1】 Miss Gogers was teaching her class_________. to telephone  B.about electricity  
    C.about time zone(时区)  D.about sound
    【小题2】Miss Gogers raised this question because she wanted to know whether______. was easy to phone to Los Angeles  B.her student could hear her from 75 feet away
    C.her students had grasped(理解)her lesson .D.sound waves were slower than electricity
    【小题3】Tom thought that electricity was _________.
    A.slower than sound waves  B.faster than sound waves
    C.not so fast as sound waves fast as sound waves
    【小题4】Kate thought Tom was wrong because _______.
    A.clocks in Los Angeles showed a different time from those in New York
    B.electricity was slower than sound waves
    C.Tom was not good at physics at all
    D.Tom’s answer had nothing to do with sound waves
    【小题5】Whose answer do you think is correct according to the law of physics?
    A.Tom’sB.Kate’sC.Bath A and BD.Neither A nor B


    “Imagine you are walking along the road. Suddenly you fall over and all the passers-by burst into laughter. You feel very  1  and think the world is laughing at you . But in fact, five minutes later, they have  2   it ever happened.” The other day when I came across these words in an article, I didn’t agree with the  3  .
    The author thinks the best thing to do in this kind of  4 is to pretend nothing has happened, and so avoid  5  trouble.
    I admit that we should keep  6  because “Your tears will only remind others of what happened, while your  7  can let them forget it.” But this is far from satisfactory. We should do 8  to make things better.
    I used to be a(n)  9  girl and not very good at maths. Our new maths teacher asked me a question and I still remember how I hung my head in  10  when I couldn’t answer it.
    “If you don’t know the answer, just tell me.” the teacher said, “If you don’t how can I know   11  you know the answer or not?” All of my classmates burst into laughter. My face turned red but the teacher  12  me to go to the blackboard and  13  what I knew. If I had  14  the words in the article, I would have given up. But I tried my best. And to everyone’s  15 , I succeeded! The teacher smiled and said, “Well done! I  16  you could do it!”
    Since then, I have become active in maths as  17  as in other subjects. I used to think doing maths exercises was a waste of time. But now, I know  18  I do can make things better. Everyone is the  19  of his own fate.
    If we make mistakes, we should take on an active 20  . Laugh, and the world laughs with you; weep(哭泣), and you weep alone.

    A.nervousB.excited C.afraid D.embarrassed
    A.realizedB.recognized C.forgotten D.remembered
    A.speaker B.reader D.announcer
    A.environmentB.surroundingC.condition D.situation
    A.ordinaryB.extra C.common D.usual
    A.confident C.calm D.strong
    【小题7】 B.worry C.courageD.satisfaction
    A.anything B.something C.nothingD.everything
    A.shy B.energeticC.happy D.clever
    【小题10】 B.prideC.shame D.surprise
    A.what B.that C.when D.whether
    A.forced B.invited C.asked D.pushed
    A.bring upB.put downC.think about off
    A.obeyed B.doubted C.refused D.understood
    A.expectation B.disappointment C.surprise D.delight
    A.hoped B.knew C.doubtedD.regretted
    A.long B.far C.soon D.well
    A.whoever B.wheneverC.wherever D.whatever
    A.architect B.owner D.controller
    A.position B.attitudeC.value D.response


    HOUSTON (Reuters) — Houston tops a U.S. magazine’s annual fattest cities list for the fourth time in five years, with four other Texas cities in the top 25.
      Fast food restaurants — Houston has twice the national average number — are partly to blame for the dishonor, Men’s Fitness editor-in-chief Neal Boulton said.
      “Americans work long hours, don’t take vacations, and when they’re faced with the worst food choices, they indulge (沉溺于) in those,” he said.
      High humidity, poor air quality and some of the nation’s longest commute (每天去上班的路程) times also helped Texas’ most populous city unseat Detroit, the 2003 heavy weight champion, the magazine said.
      Houston Mayor Bill White, who has worked with a major food company to develop healthy food products and the city’s public schools to improve lunch menus, called the report “mostly ungrounded and nonsense.”
      “On the other hand, it calls attention to real issues the mayor is trying to deal with,” his spokesman, Frank Michel, said.
      The magazine said it looked at factors such as the number and types of restaurants, park space, air quality, weather and the number of health clubs.
      Philadelphia, Detroit, Memphis, Tennessee, and Chicago followed Houston on the seventh edition of the fat list. Texas cities Dallas, San Antonio, Fort Worth and El Paso were in the top 14, which Boulton said was no surprise.
      “It’s pure big indulgence, just living big, and that’s part of the culture,” said Boulton.
      Seattle ranked as the fittest city. Austin and Arlington, a Dallas-Fort Worth suburb, were the only Texas cities on the fit list. Austin was 19th and Arlington 22nd out of 25.
    【小题1】What decides the magazine’s annual fattest list?

    A.The size of fat population.B.The number of fast food restaurants.
    C.The economic growth rate of the state.D.Things related to unhealthy ways of life.
    【小题2】Which city topped 2003 fattest cities list?
    【小题3】By saying “living big” (in Paragraph 9), Boulton means people _________.
    A.are growing fatterB.are living wastefully
 too many fatty foodsD.are spending too much time working
    【小题4】Which of the following is best supported by the text?
    A.Texas has the most fat cities in the U.S.
    B.Bill White is happy with the newspaper report.
    C.People in Texas are the most hardworking in the U.S.
    D.Most school children in Houston have weight problems.


     There is a story of a country where the rate of inflation(通货膨胀率)is so high that clever people pay for a taxi ride before the trip instead of after. This story may or may not be true. But inflation was almost that serious in Germany from July 1920 until December 1923. Prices went up so fast that by the end of 1923 they were 50 billion percent higher-a rise of almost 25000 / 40 a month.

      There was so much paper money, and it had so little value, that people carried bags full of money around to pay for things. One woman told the story of standing outside a shop with a basket full of 500 000 mark notes(马克). She wanted to buy just one piece of meat, and she hoped she had enough money. But when she was looking, a thief robbed(抢夺) her. He didn't take her money, though, he threw it away and took the basket in stead.

      At first workers demanded to be paid every day. But as the situation be came worse, they had to be paid twice a day. But they had to run out and spend the money at once, or it would lose its value. People bought anything that was for sale, but food was almost impossible to find. Farm workers re fused to take money. They wanted to be paid in potatoes instead.

      New policies(政策)ended the inflation in 1923, when the government introduced a new money. But about half of the German people lost every thing in those three and a half years.

      1.People paid for a taxi ride before the trip because they________

        A. did not want to carry so much money with them

        B. had so much paper money that they wanted to spend them quickly

        C. wanted to save money

        D. were afraid of the taxi driver


      2.According to the passage, in Germany the prices in 1920 were ________.

        A. higher than those in 1923

        B. lower than those in 1923

        C. the highest in history

        D. the lowest in history


      3.The thief stole the basket instead of the money in it because he thought _________

        A. he couldn't buy a piece of meat with the money

        B. the basket was more valuable than the money

        C. the basket was what he needed most

        D. the money was of no value


      4.The farm workers demanded to be paid in potatoes because they be lieved that _______

        A. the money could not buy potatoes

        B. the money might lose its value

        C. the potato was too expensive

        D. the potato was valuable




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